What is TMD?
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint on each side of the jaw. The name is derived from the two bones that form the joint: the upper temporal bone (part of the skull), and the mandible (lower jawbone).
The following are the most common causes of TMD:
- Malocclusion (misalignment of the teeth or bite problem
- Bruxism (teeth grinding and jaw clenching).
Rarer causes of TMJ include:
- Emotional stress
- Muscle overuse
- External injuries
- Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the TMJ
- Excessive jaw movements
Treatment for TMD
Orthotic appliance therapy is one option to assist in minimising and easing the symptoms of TMD. The appliance is a therapeutic device, worn continuously (day and night) until healing is achieved. These inconspicuous devices can also aid in achieving an ideal bite and curbing wear on teeth. See Occlusal Splints for further information.
Another treatment for TMD is the Olmos Applications developed by Dr. Steven Olmos and stocked by The Dental Solution, Australia’s Olmos Accredited Laboratory.